Workers are required to have advanced technical and interpersonal skills to prevent risking their jobs in the near future
New Delhi- Oct 9, 2016. Rednewswire/-
Can you image a robot doing your job? Well people who don't see automation coming will simply deny but unfortunately you have to start reconsidering.
According to a study, Future Of Jobs conducted by The World Economic Forum, 5 million people may lose their jobs by the year 2020 owing to robotics, Artificial Intelligence (AI), nano technology and other socio-economic factors. However, the same technological advancements are also likely to create 2.1 million new jobs. But these new jobs require advances in skills as well. The jobs call for specialization in many fields like mathematics, computer science, engineering and architecture.
Hence, there is a greater need for retraining and re-skilling employees in every sector including the Government in order to prevent a human resource crisis in future.
According to Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of The World Economic Forum, if we fail to deal with this problem by not taking suitable action for retraining of employees, the Government may have to face ever-growing unemployment, inequality and a shrinking consumer base of businesses.
Key skills required
So what are the skills which the workers really need to posses? Some will be surprised to know that the skills we learned at pre-school would be valued a lot.
David Deming, a professor of education and economics at Harvard University says that soft skills such as sharing and negotiating are very important. He argues that the modern workplace where workers keep shifting between different roles and tasks closely resemble the pre school where children are taught social skills like cooperation and empathy.
Professor Deming also represented the ever changing needs of employers and pointed out the cardinal skills which will be required to flourish in the job market. In association with soft skills, good mathematical skills are also found to be extremely beneficial.
Need for combined skills
Deming argued that in recent years, a number of jobs that required mathematical skills have undergone automation. In this process, bank tellers and statistical clerical workers have suffered. Jobs that require social skills ( For ex, childcare workers) seem to be poorly paid as there is an excess supp;y of potential workers.
The study projected that workers are who are able to combine interpersonal and mathematical skills in the knowledge based future economy may find many rewarding and remunerative opportunities.
Challenge for educators
According to Mr Deming, the challenge is for educators to fully complement their teaching process of mathematics, computers and other technical skills. The focus should be that students should have the potential and skills to compete in the future job market.